Dr. Roger Weissinger-Baylon
Director, Center for Strategic Decision Research
As patron of the 23rd International Workshop on Global Security, German Defense Minister Franz Josef Jung invited the workshop to Berlin on 18–20 May 2006 and gave the opening keynote address at the Hotel Palace. With Germany's important military, financial, and other contributions to international security, Berlin is an ideal venue for a global security workshop. As Minister Jung remarks in his keynote address, his country is “…the largest contributor in the EU, the second largest in NATO, and the third largest in the United Nations.”
The Center for Strategic Decision Research was delighted to present the workshop in Berlin for the fourth time in association with the ILA Berlin Air Show, and we gratefully acknowledge the principal sponsorship of the German Defense Ministry, the U.S. Department of Defense, the German Aerospace Industries Association (BDLI), EADS, Northrop Grumman, and Microsoft.
Minister Franz Josef Jung’s Keynote Address and the Opening Presentations by Senior Leaders. Minister Jung’s opening keynote address on 18 May was followed by major presentations by Georgian Prime Minister Zurab Nogaideli, Greek Defense Minister Evangelos Meimarakis, and Slovenian Defense Minister Karl Erjavec. That evening, NATO’s Supreme Allied Commander Europe (SACEUR), General James Jones, returned to the workshop for the second time in three years to give a major dinner address. Former SACEUR General George Joulwan moderated General Jones’s address as well as an additional session of discussion with General Jones after the dinner. We appreciate General Joulwan’s many years of energetic contributions to the workshop, beginning in 1994 when he succeeded General John Shalikasvili as SACEUR and Honorary General Chairman of the workshop.
NATO’s Operational Role in the Balkans, the Mediterranean, Iraq, Afghanistan, Darfur, and the NATO Response Force. On the morning of 19 May, General Rainer Schuwirth, Chief of Staff of Supreme Headquarters Allied Powers Europe (SHAPE), presented the opening address, entitled “The New Operational Challenge of NATO: the Balkans, the Mediterranean, Iraq, Afghanistan, Darfur, and the NATO Response Force.” General Gerhard W. Back, Commander of Allied Joint Force Command, Brunssum, with command responsibility for NATO’s mission in Afghanistan, then led a senior panel on Afghanistan with Admiral Giampaolo Di Paola, Chief of Defense of Italy; General Richard Wolsztynski, Chief of Staff of the French Air Force; and Ambassador Jean-Pierre Juneau, Permanent Representative of Canada on NATO’s North Atlantic Council. Ambassador Munir Akram, Pakistan’s long-serving representative to the United Nations, added his views based on his deep understanding of the culture and politics of a broad region extending from Iraq to Iran, Afghanistan, and Pakistan.
The Future of NATO. The luncheon address by Ambassador Victoria Nuland, U.S. Permanent Representative on the North Atlantic Council, entitled “Towards a 21st Century NATO,” was introduced and moderated by Hungary’s Ambassador to NATO, Zoltan Martinusz. Ambassador Nuland’s impressive presentation was followed by a panel discussion on “NATO, the EU, and How They Can Work Together to Address the Challenges” led by Ambassador Harri Tiido, Estonia’s Permanent Representative on the North Atlantic Council. The panel consisted of Ambassador Dr. Jerzy M. Nowak, Poland’s Ambassador to NATO; Lieutenant General Michael Maisonneuve, Chief of Staff, Headquarters Supreme Allied Power Transformation; Lieutenant General Jean-Paul Perruche, Director-General of the European Union Military Staff; and Ms. Claude-France Arnould, Director for Defense Aspects of the Council of the European Union.
Moving NATO from the Industrial Age to the Information Era. Mr. Robert Lentz, Director of Information Assurance in the Office of the Assistant Secretary of Defense for Networks and Information Integration, chaired the panel that discussed this issue. Panel participants were Lieutenant General Ulrich Wolf, Director of the NATO CIS Service Agency; Mr. Kent Schneider, President, Defense Group, Northrop Grumman Information Technology; and Mr. Jonas Persson, Chief Technology Office, Microsoft EMEA.
Security Challenges in the Balkans and Black Sea Region. Addressing the security challenges of the Balkans and Black Sea region were His Excellency Fatmir Mediu, Minister of Defense of Albania; His Excellency Borys Tarasyuk, Minister of Foreign Affairs of Ukraine (who addressed the workshop this year for the 14th time); Ambassador Stefan Tafrov, Permanent Representative of Bulgaria to the United Nations; Ambassador Bogdan Mazuru, Romanian Ambassador to Germany; and Colonel General Anatoly I. Mazurkevich, Chief of the Main Directorate for Military Cooperation, Russian Federal Ministry of Defense. At the Bode Museum the evening following these addresses, General Rainer Schuwirth introduced His Excellency Zurab Nogaideli, Prime Minister of Georgia, who gave the dinner address, one of the workshop’s major presentations. Everyone appreciated the excellent Georgian wines that were served with dinner as a gift of the Georgian government.
Dealing with Impending Crises. On 20 May, United Nations Under Secretary General Nobuaki Tanaka opened the day’s presentations and discussion with a key address. His speech was followed by a series of panel discussions on “Impending Crises” that were chaired by General of the Armed Forces (Ret.) Jiri Sedivy, former Chief of Defense of the Czech Republic. The first panel, which focused on “Dealing with Avian Influenza,” consisted of Professor Dr. Hans-Dieter Klenk, Center for Hygiene and Medical Microbiology, University Hospital Glessen and Marburg, and Professor Dr. Reinhard Burger, Vice President of the Robert Koch Institute of the German Ministry of Health. A presentation by Norwegian State Secretary Espen Barth Eide, on “Energy and Security,” was followed by a panel discussion of “The Emerging Nuclear, Chemical, and Biological Risks”; panel participants were Dr. Arthur T. Hopkins, Principal Deputy to the Assistant to the Secretary of Defense for Nuclear and Chemical and Biological Defense Programs, and Ambassador Rogelio Pfirter, Director-General of the Organization for the Prohibition of Chemical Weapons. The final panel on “Impending Crises” addressed “The Iranian Challenge, including the Dangers of Nuclear Proliferation,” with thoughtful analyses by Ambassador Munir Akram, Permanent Representative of Pakistan to the United Nations, and Major General Zhan Maohai, Vice Chairman of the China Institute of International Strategic Studies and Former Director-General of Foreign Affairs, Chinese Defense Ministry.
International Cooperation. Mr. Alfred Volkman, Director for International Cooperation, Office of the U.S. Under Secretary of Defense (Acquisition, Technology, and Logistics,) led the panel on “International Cooperation” with panelists Dr. Hilmar Linnenkamp, Deputy Chief Executive, European Defense Agency; Mr. Stefano Bortoli, Co-Director-General for Strategies, Business Development, International and Military Sales, Alenia Aeronautica S.p.A.; Mr. Carl O. Johnson, President, Northrop Grumman International, Inc.; Dr. Scott Harris, President for Continental Europe of Lockheed Martin Global; and Vice Admiral Norman Ray, President of Raytheon International Europe.
Workshop Wrap-Up. Ambassador Gabor Brodi, Ambassador of Hungary to the United Nations, led the wrap-up panel, with presentations by Ing. General Robert Ranquet, Deputy Director of Strategic Affairs, French Ministry of Defense; Ambassador Revaz Adamia, Georgian Ambassador to the United Nations; and Ambassador Asif Ezdi, Ambassador of Pakistan to Germany.
Reichstag Reception and Dinner. At the final workshop event, Interior Minister Joerg Schoenbohm of the Federal State of Brandenburg welcomed participants to an evening reception in the Reichstag and a visit to the spectacular Dome, designed by British architect Sir Norman Foster. After dinner at the Reichstag’s Kaefer Restaurant, Dr. Linton Wells II, U.S. Principal Deputy Assistant Secretary of Defense for Networks and Information Integration, and General Harald Kujat, former Chairman of the NATO Military Committee and the former Chief of Defense of Germany, addressed important issues related to information technology following introductory remarks by Mr. Tim Bloechl of Microsoft.
Principal Sponsors of the 23rd International Workshop on Global Security
The 23rd International Workshop was presented in association with the ILA Berlin Air Show, with the following principal sponsors:
- German Ministry of Defense, with the patronage of Minister Franz Josef Jung
- BDLI (German Aerospace Industries Association)
- EADS (European Aeronautic Defence and Space Company)
- Northrop Grumman Corporation
- Microsoft Corporation
- U.S. Department of Defense (Under Secretary of Defense for Acquisition, Technology, and Logistics; Assistant Secretary of Defense for Networks and Information Integration; Office of the Director of Net Assessment in the Office of the Secretary of Defense; Defense Threat Reduction Agency)
- Center for Strategic Decision Research, which instituted the workshop series and has presented workshops annually for 23 years
German Ministry of Defense. As the workshop’s patron, Defense Minister Franz Josef Jung gave the opening keynote address. Among the many other vital contributors to the proceedings from the German Armed Forces were General Rainer Schuwirth, currently Chief of Staff at SHAPE (Supreme Headquarters Allied Powers, Europe); General Gerhard Back, Allied Joint-Force Commander, Brunssum; Lieutenant General Ulrich Wolf, Director of the NATO CIS Service Agency; and General (Ret.) Harald Kujat, former Chairman of the NATO Military Committee and Chief of Defense of Germany. In addition to facilitating Minister Jung’s keynote address, Colonel Peter Braunstein, Adjutant des Bundesministers, as well as his deputy, Dirk Gaertner, were instrumental in coordinating participation by government leaders of other invited countries.
BDLI (German Aerospace Industries Association). The support of BDLI Director Hans-Joachim Gante as well as BDLI’s Chairman Dr. Thomas Enders, who also serves as Co-CEO of EADS, is much appreciated. BDLI was a principal sponsor of the workshop in 2000, 2002, 2004, and 2006 and through the association’s encouragement the workshop was held in each of those years in association with the prestigious ILA Berlin Air Show. At BDLI, Ms. Mirja Schueller, Ms. Alexandra Friedhoff, and Dr. Ekkehard Muenzing have been especially helpful. Ekkehard Muenzing played a key role in facilitating several major events, including Minister Jung’s opening keynote address and the final reception and dinner at the Reichstag and its Kaefer Restaurant. It was truly a great pleasure to work again this year with these highly professional managers.
EADS. We greatly appreciate the interest and assistance of several people at EADS: Professor Dr. Holger Mey, head of Customer Relations in Defense and Security Systems; Dr. Stefan Zoller, President and CEO of EADS Defence and Communications Systems; Mr. Wolf-Peter Denker, Senior Vice President of EADS Germany; EADS Co-CEO Dr. Thomas Enders; and Admiral Jean Betermier of EADS France.
Northrop Grumman. After many years as a leading supporter of the International Workshops, Northrop Grumman was a vital Principal Sponsor for the third year. Under the leadership of Northrop Grumman executives Mr. Tom Vice, Mr. Carl O. Johnson, Mr. Bill Ennis, Mr. K.C. Brown, Mr. James Moseman, and Mr. Jacques Pous as well as Mr. Kent Schneider, Mr. Tom Baker, Mr. Joseph Penarczyk, and Vice Admiral Malcolm Fages, Northrop Grumman helped us broaden and strengthen the workshop’s senior military dimension and added greatly to the discussion of Alliance transformation and network-centric operations (including Allied Ground Surveillance).
Microsoft. Microsoft was a Principal Sponsor of the workshop for the first time this year, corresponding to the establishment of a Microsoft corporate element supporting military, national security, police, and fire department customers worldwide. We were delighted to welcome Mr. Tim Bloechl, Executive Director, Microsoft Worldwide National Security and Defense, and Mr. Jonas Persson, Chief Technology Officer, Microsoft Western Europe, as speakers at this year’s Workshop, as well as Brigadier General Dieter Löchel, Microsoft Deutschland GmbH, and Mr. Bernard Marty, Defense and Security, Microsoft France.
Under Secretary of Defense for Acquisition, Technology, and Logistics. In the Office of the Under Secretary of Defense, we are grateful for the advice and support of Mr. Alfred Volkman, who developed and chaired the panels on international cooperation over the last several years, as well as Mr. Robert Bruce, Mr. Roger Golden, Colonel Rodney Schmidt, and Ms. Karen Kay. We also appreciate the efficient assistance of Ms. Rita Bidlack.
Assistant Secretary of Defense (Networks and Information Integration). Thanks to Principal Deputy Assistant Secretary Linton Wells II, Mr. Robert Lentz, and Mr. Tim Bloechl (now at Microsoft), network-centric operations have become an increasingly important component of the International Workshops. We also appreciate the helpful administrative support of Lieutenant Colonel Richard Palermo and Ms. Cecilia Jones.
Office of the Director of Net Assessment. Over the last two decades, the Director of Net Assessment in the U.S. Department of Defense, Mr. Andrew Marshall, has sponsored the workshops, which we greatly appreciate. We also appreciate the very skillful administration of the project by Ms. Rebecca Bash as well as her careful review of this report prior to publication.
Defense Threat Reduction Agency (DTRA). At DTRA, Colonel Robert Dickey, Director Dr. James Tegnelia, and Mr. Doug Englund greatly facilitated our efforts. Because Dr. Dale Klein was named to head the U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission, Dr. Arthur T. Hopkins, Principal Deputy to the Assistant to the Secretary of Defense for Nuclear and Chemical and Biological Defense Programs, very effectively addressed the workshop on his behalf.
Major Workshop Sponsors
Alenia Aeronautica. At Alenia Aeronautica S.p.A., we appreciate the participation of Mr. Stefano Bortoli, Co-Director-General for Strategies, Business Development, International and Military Sales, as well as the continued support of CEO Dr. Giovanni Bertolone. We also are grateful for the long-term interest and encouragement of Ing. Dr. Giorgio Zappa, now COO of Alenia’s parent company, Finmeccanica.
The Boeing Company. The continued participation of Mr. Fred Spivey as well as the continued interest and encouragement of Senior Vice President Thomas Pickering are greatly valued. We wish both of these men the very best following their recent retirement from Boeing.
Lockheed Martin Corporation. We would like to thank Dr. Scott Harris, who has contributed to the workshop for many years, both as a participant and as a speaker, in his initial role as executive at Lockheed Martin’s Bethesda headquarters and more recently as Lockheed Martin Global’s President for Continental Europe.
MITRE Corporation. MITRE’s two decades of support of the international workshops and the specific support of Mr. Raymond Haller, Mr. Vince Maguire, and Mr. John Kreger are greatly appreciated.
Raytheon International. Vice Admiral Norman Ray has supported the workshop for over a decade in his various roles as Deputy Chairman of the NATO Military Committee, Assistant Secretary General of NATO, and, more recently, as President for Europe of Raytheon International, for which we thank him. We also appreciate the interest shown by Mr. Torkel Patterson.
General Dynamics European Land Combat Systems. Mr. Michael Malzacher, CEO of Land Combat Systems Europe, represented General Dynamics this year. We are grateful for the long-time support of General Dynamics, including that of General George Joulwan, member of the General Dynamics Board of Directors and former Supreme Allied Commander, Europe.
Iridium Satellite LLC. Our thanks go to Chairman and CEO of Iridium Satellite Mr. Carmen Lloyd, who has been a strong workshop supporter. We especially appreciate the support of Executive Vice President Greg Ewert.
IAP Worldwide Services. At IAP Worldwide Services, we are grateful for the support and participation of Mr. David Swindle, board member General George Joulwan, and investor representative Mr. George Kollitides, Senior Vice President of Cerberus Capital Management.
EDS Deutschland. At EDS Deutschland, we appreciate the participation of Mr. Reinhard Clemens and General (Ret.) Harald Kujat.
Sponsoring Governments. Special thanks go this year to the German Ministry of Defense and Defense Minister Jung. We also are grateful to the following governments that, over two decades, contributed to the workshop series: Czech Republic, Kingdom of Denmark, Republic of France, Federal Republic of Germany, Republic of Greece, Republic of Hungary, Kingdom of the Netherlands, Kingdom of Norway, Republic of Poland, Republic of Portugal, Austrian Ministry of Defense, Italian Ministry of Defense, Canadian Armed Forces, Russian Ministry of Science and Technology, and Russian Ministry of Communications.
Workshop Patrons, Advisors, and Participants
Workshop Patrons and Honorary Chairmen. We appreciate the encouragement and support of the workshop’s honorary chairmen, patrons, and keynote speakers:
Her Excellency Michèle Alliot-Marie, Minister of Defense of France (Workshop Patron; Keynote Speaker, 2005 and 2007)
His Excellency Franz Josef Jung, Minister of Defense of Germany (Workshop Patron and Keynote Speaker, 2006)
His Excellency Aleksander Kwasniewski, President of Poland (Workshop Patron, 1996; Principal Speaker, 1996, 1997, 1998, 2000, 2002)
His Excellency Vaclav Havel, President of the Czech Republic (Workshop Patron, 1997; Principal Speaker. 1996, 1997)
His Excellency Arpad Goencz, President of Hungary (Workshop Patron, 1999; Principal Speaker, 1993)
His Excellency Peter Struck, Minister of Defense of Germany (Keynote Speaker, 2004)
His Excellency Rudolf Scharping, Minister of Defense of Germany (Workshop Patron, 2000, 2002)
His Excellency Jan Troejborg, Minister of Defense of Denmark (Workshop Patron, 2001)
His Excellency Dr. Werner Fasslabend, Minister of Defense of Austria (Workshop Patron, 1998)
His Excellency Volker Ruehe, Minister of Defense of Germany (Workshop Patron, 1995)
Mr. Rainer Hertrich (Workshop Honorary General Chairman, 2000, 2002, 2004)
General George Joulwan, Former Supreme Allied Commander Europe (Honorary General Chairman, 1994–1997)
Advisory Board. Members of the workshop’s Advisory Board have provided vital contributions and guidance in developing the workshop over more than two decades:
His Excellency Valdas Adamkus, President of Lithuania
Dr. Hans E. Birke, Former President, BDLI (German Aerospace Industries Association)
Dr. Manfred Bischoff, Member of the Board of Directors, EADS
Ambassador Javier Conde de Saro, Ambassador of Spain to Japan
His Excellency Mikulas Dzurinda, Prime Minister of Slovakia
Dr. Thomas Enders, Co-CEO, EADS
The Honorable Gordon England, United States Deputy Secretary of Defense
His Excellency Dr. Werner Fasslabend, Austrian Parliament, Former Defense Minister
Mr. Hans-Joachim Gante, President, BDLI (German Aerospace Industries Association)
Dr. Robert Hermann, Senior Partner, Global Technology Partners, LLC
General George A. Joulwan (Ret.), Former Supreme Allied Commander, Europe
Ambassador Jean-Pierre Juneau, Canadian Permanent Representative to NATO
Ambassador Karel Kovanda, European Commission Deputy Director-General
His Excellency Linas Linkevicius, Lithuanian Permanent Representative to NATO
General Klaus Naumann, Former Chairman of the NATO Military Committee
Ambassador Jaromir Novotný, Ambassador of the Czech Republic to Japan
Ambassador Marc Perrin de Brichambaut, Secretary General, OSCE
Dr. Andrey Piontkovskiy, Director, Strategic Studies Center, Moscow
Mr. Jean de Ponton d’Amécourt, Director for Strategic Affairs, French Ministry of Defense
Ambassador Jean de Ruyt, Ambassador of Belgium to Italy
General Jirí Šedivý (Ret.), Former Chief of Defense of the Czech Republic
General John Shalikashvili (Ret.), Former Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff
His Excellency Borys Tarasyuk, Minister of Foreign Affairs of Ukraine
His Excellency Dr. Alexandr Vondra, Minister of Foreign Affairs of the Czech Republic
Ing. Dr. Giorgio Zappa, COO of Finmeccanica and Chairman of Alenia Aeronautica
Participants. At this year’s 23rd International Workshop on Global Security, participants represented more than 30 countries and international organizations, including the U.N., NATO, the EU, the OPCW, and the IAEA. We appreciate their very active involvement in developing the workshop agenda, suggesting speakers and themes, and participating in workshop discussions:
Dr. Reza Abedin-Zadeh, Nuclear Safety & Security, International Atomic Energy Agency
Ambassador Revaz Adamia, Permanent Representative of Georgia to the United Nations
Ambassador Munir Akram, Permanent Representative of Pakistan to the United Nations
Ambassador Mohamed Al-Orabi, Egyptian Ambassador to Germany
Ms. Claude-France Arnould, Director for Defense Aspects, Council of the European Union
Mr. Vladimer Babunashvili, Advisor, Georgian Ministry for Euro-Atlantic Integration
General Gerhard W. Back, Commander, Allied Joint Force Command Brunssum
Colonel Henk Bank, Executive Asst. to Chief of Staff, HQ, Supreme Allied Commander Transformation
His Excellency Giorgi Baramidze, Minister of Euro-Atlantic Integration of Georgia
Ms. Anne D. Baylon, Co-Director, Center for Strategic Decision Research
Deputy Minister Martin Belcik, Czech Deputy Minister of Defense for Defense Policy
Colonel Marcello Bellacicco, Army Attaché, Italian Embassy to Germany
Admiral Jean Betermier, Special Advisor to the Chairman of EADS
Dr. Hans Birke, BDLI, Space and Defense Advisor
Mr. Tim Bloechl, Microsoft Worldwide National Security and Defense
Mr. Stefano Bortoli, Co-Director-General, Alenia Aeronautica
Ambassador Gábor Bródi, Hungarian Ambassador to the United Nations
Professor Reinhard Burger, Vice President of the Robert Koch-Institute of the German Ministry of Health
Captain Marijana Plesa Cadonic, Senior Protocol Advisor, Croatian Defense Ministry
Mr. Dmitry Cherkashin, First Secretary, Embassy of the Russian Federation
Lieutenant General Mieczyslaw Cieniuch, Polish Military Representative to the NATO Military Committee
Mr. Reinhard Clemens, CEO, EDS Deutschland
Brigadier General Alain Daniel, French Military Attaché
Captain Greg Davis, Supreme Headquarters Allied Powers Europe
Mr. Wolf-Peter Denker, Senior Vice President, EADS
Colonel Robert Dickey (Ret.), Defense Threat Reduction Agency
Admiral Giampaolo Di Paola, Chief of Defense of Italy
Mr. Lubos Dobrovský, Advisor to Deputy Minister of Defense of the Czech Republic
Ambassador Ihor Dolhov, Ambassador of Ukraine to Germany
State Secretary Espen Barth Eide, Norwegian Ministry of Defense
Dr. Thomas Enders, Chief Executive Officer, EADS
Mr. William Ennis, Northrop Grumman International Inc.
His Excellency Karl Erjavec, Minister of Defense of the Republic of Slovenia
Ambassador Asif Ezdi, Ambassador of Pakistan to Germany
Vice Admiral Malcolm Fages (Ret.), Northrop Grumman Information Technology
Lieutenant General Christian-Charles Falzone, Deputy Director, French Armed Forces General Staff
Dr. Werner Fasslabend, Member of the Austrian National Assembly
Mr. Eduard Frangaj, Counselor of Albanian Minister of Defense
Lieutenant Commander Giovanni Galoforo, Counselor, Office of Italian Chief of Defense
Mr. Hans-Joachim Gante, Managing Director, BDLI (German Aerospace Industries Association)
Mr. Dragos Gabriel Ghercioiu, Advisor to the State Secretary of Romania
Lieutenant Colonel Gabriele Ghione, Deputy Army Attaché, Italian Embassy
Mr. Darko Göttlicher, Deputy Head of Counter-Terrorism, Croatian Ministry of the Interior
Mr. Rafael Grossi, Organization for the Prohibition of Chemical Weapons
Professor Jaroslaw Gryz, National Defense University of Poland
Dr. Scott Harris, President, Continental Europe, Lockheed Martin
Ambassador Erich Hochleitner, Director, Austrian Institute for European Security Policy
Dr. Arthur T. Hopkins, Principal Deputy to Assistant to the Secretary of Defense for Nuclear and Chemical and Biological Defense Programs
Dr. Edward Ifft, Adjunct Professor, Georgetown University
Mr. Carl O. Johnson, President, Northrop Grumman International Inc.
General James L. Jones, Supreme Allied Commander, Europe
General George Joulwan (Ret.), Former Supreme Allied Commander, Europe
Ambassador Jean-Pierre Juneau, Canadian Ambassador to NATO
His Excellency Franz Josef Jung, Minister of Defense of Germany
Mr. Crt Kanoni, Public Affairs Advisor to the Slovenian Minister of Defense
Professor Dr. Hans-Dieter Klenk, University Hospital Giessen and Marburg
Mr. George Kollitides, Senior Vice President, Cerberus Capital Management
Mr. Idriz Konjari, Director of Defense Policy, Albania
Ambassador Vladimir Kotenev, Russian Ambassador to Germany
Mr. John Kreger, Director, Enterprise Systems Engineering Office, The MITRE Corporation
Mr. Vladimir Krulík, Advisor to the Deputy Minister of Defense, Czech Republic
General Harald Kujat, Former Chairman of NATO Military Committee
Ambassador Clyde Kull, Ambassador of Estonia to Germany
Mr. Daniel Kunin, Advisor to the Government of Georgia
Mr. Robert Lentz, Office of the Assistant Secretary of Defense (NII)
Dr. Hilmar Linnenkamp, Deputy Chief Executive, European Defense Agency
Brigadier General Dieter Löchel, Microsoft Deutschland GmbH
Mr. Dragan Lozancic, Deputy Head of Defense Policy, Croatian Defense Ministry
Ambassador Stathis Lozos, Greek Ambassador to EU Political and Security Committee
Mr. Vince Maguire, The MITRE Corporation
Lieutenant General Michel Maisonneuve, Chief of Staff, HQ, Supreme Allied Commander Transformation
Mr. Michael Malzacher, President, General Dynamics European Land Combat Systems
Ambassador Zoltán Martinusz, Hungarian Permanent Representative to NATO
Mr. Bernard Marty, Defense and Security, Microsoft France
Brigadier General Edvardas Mazeikis, Lithuanian Military Repres. to NATO Military Comm.
Colonel-General Anatoly Ignatievich Mazurkevich, Chief of Main Directorate for Military Cooperation,
Russian Federation Ministry of Defense
Ambassador Bogdan Mazuru, Romanian Ambassador to Germany
His Excellency Fatmir Mediu, Minister of Defense of the Republic of Albania
His Excellency Evangelos Meimarakis, Greek Minister of National Defense
Professor Dr. Holger Mey, Vice President, Advanced Concepts, EADS Defense & Security Systems
Mr. James Moseman, Director, Europe and NATO, Northrop Grumman
Dr. Ekkehard Muenzing, BDLI (German Aerospace Industries Association)
Mr. Nikoloz Natbiladze, Deputy Foreign Minister of Georgia
Mr. Simeon Nikolov, Deputy Defense Minister of Georgia
His Excellency Zurab Nogaideli, Prime Minister of Georgia
Ambassador Jaromir Novotný, Czech Ambassador to Japan
Ambassador Dr. Jerzy Nowak, Permanent Representative of Poland to NATO
Ambassador Victoria Nuland, U.S. Permanent Representative to NATO
Ambassador Maia Pandjikidze, Ambassador of Georgia to Germany
Mr. Joseph Penarczyk, Vice President, Northrop Grumman IT Global
Lieutenant General Jean-Paul Perruche, Director-General, European Union Military Staff
Mr. Jonas Persson, Chief Technology Officer, Microsoft Western Europe
Ambassador Rogelio Pfirter,Director-General, Organization for the Prohibition of Chemical Weapons
Ms. Ganna Poliyevets, Office of the Ukrainian Minister of Foreign Affairs
Colonel Brad Pray, Supreme Headquarters Allied Powers Europe
Defense Secretary Mate Raboteg, Croatian Defense Ministry
Colonel Rumen Radev, Defense Ministry of Bulgaria
Ing. Gen. de l’Armement Robert Ranquet, Deputy Director, Strategic Affairs, French Defense Ministry
Vice Admiral Norman Ray, President, Raytheon International Europe
Colonel Jean-Marc Rebert, Senior Armament Attaché, French Embassy
Captain Fabio Ricciardelli, Italian Naval Attaché, Italian Embassy
State Secretary Edgars Rinkevius, Latvian Ministry of Defense
Ms. Hélène de Rochefort, Cabinet of the French Minister of Defense
Lieutenant Colonel Holger Schäfer, Aide-de-Camp to General Gerhard W. Back
Mr. Guillaume Schlumberger; Director, Fondation pour la Recherche Stratégique
Colonel Rodney Schmidt, Office of the Under Secretary of Defense (AT&L)
Mr. Kent Schneider, President, Northrop Grumman Information Technology Global
Mr. Joerg Schönbohm, Minister of the Interior, Federal State of Brandenburg, Germany
General Rainer Schuwirth, Chief of Staff, Supreme Headquarters Allied Powers Europe (SHAPE)
General of the Armed Forces Jirí Šedivý, Former Chief of the Czech General Staff
Captain Johannes Semmler, Aide-de-Camp to Lieutenant General Ulrich Wolf
Mr. Pjer Simunovic, National Coordinator for NATO, Croatian Foreign Ministry
Ms. Ana Slevec, Protocol, Slovenian Defense Ministry
Ms. Martina Šourková, Advisor to Deputy Minister of Defense, Czech Republic
Mr. Fred Spivey, Business Development, The Boeing Company
Mr. David W. Swindle, Jr., President, IAP Worldwide Services
Ambassador Stefan Tafrov, Bulgarian Permanent Representative to the United Nations
Under Secretary General Nobuaki Tanaka, U.N. Under Secretary General for Disarmament Affairs
His Excellency Borys Tarasyuk, Minister of Foreign Affairs of Ukraine
Ambassador Harri Tiido, Permanent Representative of Estonia to NATO
Brigadier General Vitalijus Vaiksnoras, Lithuanian Chief of Defence Staff
Mr. Alfred Volkman, Director for International Cooperation, Office of the Under Secretary of Defense
Dr. Hans-Heinrich Weise, Former Ministerialdirektor, German Ministry of Defense
Dr. Roger Weissinger-Baylon, Workshop Chairman and Founder
Dr. Linton Wells II, Principal Deputy Assistant Secretary of Defense (NII)
Lieutenant General Ulrich Wolf, Director, NATO CIS Service Agency
General Richard Wolsztynski, Chief of Staff of French Air Force
Ambassador Youcef Yousfi, Permanent Representative of Algeria to the U.N.
Dr. Giorgio Zappa, Chief Operating Officer (COO), Finmeccanica
Major General Zhan Maohai, Vice Chairman of the China Institute of International Strategic Studies,
Former Director-General of Foreign Affairs, Chinese Defense Ministry
Mr. Giorgi Zurabischvili, Chief of Protocol Department, Georgian Embassy
Acknowledgements: The Pergamon and Bode Museums, the Reichstag, the Hotel Palace Berlin, and the Workshop International Staff
Pergamon and Bode Museums on Museum Island. After a reception at Berlin’s famous Pergamon Museum on Museum Island, Prof. Dr. Peter-Klaus Schuster, Director-General of the Staatliche Museen zu Berlin, welcomed us with a broad introduction to the museum and its significance. The Pergamon is named after one of its most famous exhibits—the Pergamon Altar—that was taken from the ruins of the ancient Hellenic city of Pergamon on the western coast of Turkey. The museum is also famous for its reconstructed Ishtar Gate, the main gate into the ancient Mesopotamian city of Babylon, which was built during the reign of Nebuchadnezzar II around 575 BC and is located slightly south of modern Baghdad. Following guided visits of the museum in small groups, coordinated by the very effective and indispensable Ms. Tanja Bleske, workshop participants enjoyed dinner in the adjacent Bode Museum.
Reichstag. On the workshop’s final evening, Mr. Joerg Schönbohm, Interior Minister of the German Federal State of Brandenburg, welcomed participants to a reception under the Reichstag’s splendid glass dome. The reception was followed by dinner at the Käfer Dachgarten Restaurant on the building’s rooftop. We appreciate Ms. Yvonne Wellner’s very effective coordination of the evening together with Dr. Ekkehard Muenzing of BDLI (German Aerospace Industries Association).
Hotel Palace Berlin. This year’s workshop was held for the fourth time at the Hotel Palace Berlin, which is conveniently located near the historic Kurfuerstendamm and the Berlin Zoo. The Hotel Palace’s facilities have now been completely renovated with new conference facilities and redesigned guest rooms, which were ideal for our event. As always, we received truly outstanding support from the hotel’s Managing Director, Kurt Lehrke, and from his effective and well-trained staff, including Marietta Herman, Helge Schul, Daniela Ruehlmann, and Tanja Spital.
Workshop International Staff. This year, Britta Schultheis, Dr. Eugene Whitlock, Jean Lee, and Caroline Baylon returned to share their workshop experience with us. Britta handled the workshop’s all-important central database with her customary precision, Eugene managed the workshop logistics, Jean was responsible for the workshop’s graphics and photography (all of the photos in this publication are hers), and Caroline handled the overall coordination of staff activities. The staff also welcomed this year three recent graduates of Stanford University: Wendy Ong, now a Ph.D. student at Carnegie-Mellon University; Ian Spiro, a B.S. and M.S. graduate from Stanford’s famous computer science department; and Whitney Hopkins, who returned to graduate school to prepare for a career in museum curation. For the second time, Mrs. Kirsten Schellhorn-Piontek handled the cultural program in Berlin for workshop spouses with her usual organizational skill and imagination. Without the tireless efforts and years of experience of everyone on this outstanding staff, the workshop would be hard to imagine.
Workshop Publications. As CSDR Co-Director, Anne D. Baylon played a key role in every aspect of the workshop’s development as well as the editing of this volume, for which she was responsible. She acknowledges the contributions of her editorial team, including Carol Whiteley, and Kevin Cotter’s valued assistance with layouts and printing.
In Recognition of Dr. Hans-Heinrich Weise. As Ministerialdirektor in the German Ministry of Defense, Dr. Hans-Heinrich Weise was a speaker and participant in the International Workshops on Global Security for a number of years. During his career at the Ministry of Defense, he greatly contributed to transatlantic cooperation in the armaments field. After his retirement earlier this year, he participated in the 23rd International Workshop in Berlin and, on this occasion, he was decorated by the United States government at an impressive ceremony in the presence of many of his colleagues. We were deeply saddened to learn the news of his recent death, which is a great loss to the international defense community and to everyone who has known him. He will be greatly missed.